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The 4 Es

The 4 Es

The 4 Es

Bharat Gandhi  talks
about the four
components of
effective design

Tell me if you agree: it is time for an entirely new definition of design. Let me elaborate. You’ve bought this great house. You’ve got this great family who will live with you in this house. What are you going to do? Design it according to what’s in at the time? Give your interior designer a budget and free hand? Fill it with bits and pieces of furniture and thin gummies you pick up at garage sales?  

There might be a better way. Consider: what is it that you really want from the look and feel of your home? An emotional sanctuary? Something that won’t throw your wallet into a tailspin? Something that works? All of the above?

On  these lines, there are four Es that make for great interior design:

  • Emotional content
  • Economy
  • Eco-friendly features
  • Effective design

Let’s look at them one by one.


An interior should classify emotional aspects of the project and express them in the space, organization of space, lighting, furniture, colours, style contrast and balance, economic considerations, local climate, detail planning etc. this will influence the aesthetics, leading to pleasing design and human happiness. 

It is very important to decide the emotional level for the design theme and the emotional rational level of the client. For instance, if a temple or church would have an interior environment conducive to peace, to enable concentration and meditation. The lighting would be soft and the furniture and objects would be in simple rather than complex shapes. Colours would have to be natural – like deep blue, white etc. 

Similarly, when you design your house, the same emotional considerations apply.   


Home is a place where people of different ages, likes and dislikes stay together for long periods of time. There is every likelihood of tensions mounting within those walls. The interior should be designed to promote a feeling of relaxation. For flooring try natural material like stone and marble of natural soft colours. Wood-finish furniture of balance composition, small to medium in scale, with minimal contrasts. Soft colours with relief work, even lighting, would help people to get relief from tension. 


After a hard day’s work, a working family needs to relax. The best way to do it is in familiar surroundings between likeable elements. Pleasing sounds, soft flowing forms and shapes, soft (but adequate) indirect lighting simple colours (like light blue or green, off-white or white) all add to a relaxing atmosphere. 


Too dull light makes children depressed and uneasy, making them irritable, distracted and unable to concentrate. (The same holds true for adults, although on a smaller level.) To keep kids a great mood, you need the right amount of indirect light, softly coloured surroundings walls, and natural materials. This promotes happiness, which can be enhanced by free-flowing shapes and spaces, and soft but warm colours.


The true success of an interior is measured by the closeness it promotes amongst family members . to achieve this, the common place – the living room needs to be designed to suit every family member’s requirements and liking. The room should emit warmth to attract all of them to use it, good lighting, a comfortable seating system, soothing colours and proper ventilation.         


Could be created due to lack of familiar objects and faces, proper lighting, flowing forms etc. Hence an interior should not have unstable objects in the form of shapes – like heavy and bulky furniture, dark and contrasting colours, and cold lighting.

All of this can be achieved easily, often without spending a fortune. Spend some extra effort to evaluate and analyse your family members’ natures, likes, dislikes, styles and ideas.

Next week One more ‘E’ comes your way!